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History of cricket World Cups – 1975 to 2019

ICC World Cup 2019


ICC World Cup 2019 also referred as 2019 Cricket World Cup. It is hosted by England and Wales and the duration of matches is from 30th May 2019 to 14th July 2019. It is the international tournament of ODI (One Day International) Live Cricket.

History of cricket World Cups – 1975 to 2019

Winner of 2019 World Cup

In 1844, Canada and the United States first played an international cricket match. In 1877, Australia and England first played Test Match. These two teams played well for the trophy of The Ashes in the following years. In 1889, South Africa was enlisted to Test matches. In this period, Cricket gains more popularity and in 1900 Paris Games, it was included as an Olympic sport. France was defeated by Great Britain to claim the Gold Medal.

At the international level, the first multilateral competition was named as 1912 Triangular Tournament. A Test cricket tournament was held in England and played between England, Australia, and South Africa. That event did not gain much success and that’s why multilateral Test Tournament was decided not to hold again. In 1999 the triangular Asian Test Championship was again organized.

In 1928, the team of West Indies was added to the Test Cricket due to which more nations take part in this tournament such as New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, and Pakistan in 1952. When these nations were enlisted in the international cricket, then Test matches started to over in three, four or five days.

Early in the 1960s, English county cricket teams introduced a shortened sort of cricket which lasted for one day. Midlands Knock-Out Competition began in 1962. In this competition, the team which loses match eliminated and the winning team play another match with remaining team. The one-day cricket gains more popularity in England. In 1971, a first one-day cricket match was played between England and Australia at Melbourne. The match was made lengthy to lessen the anger of crowd and that was forty over a game with eight balls per over.

Later in 1970, Kerry Packer organized the World Series Cricket (WSC) competition. In this competition, he established new features like colored uniforms, matches played at night under floodlights with a white ball, multiple camera angles, on-screen graphics, and more. These features are also used in One Day International cricket of today. On 17 January 1979, a first match played between WSC Australians and West Indians at VFL Park in Melbourne. The WSC Australians were in wattle gold uniform while WSC West Indians were in coral pink uniform. After the great success of one-day competitions in England, Cricket World Cup was organized.

Prudential World Cups (1975 – 1983)

In June 1975, the first world cup was organized in England. At that time, England was the only nation who could provide resources to stage for the event. The International Cricket Council (ICC) organized the event every four years. It was also considered to give women a chance in this field and therefore, a separate Women’s Cricket World Cup was organized before the first tournament of men.

The first three World Cups of 1975, 1979, and 1983 were held by England. When Prudential plc. sponsored for the matches then it was named as the Prudential Cup. These matches played with 60 six-ball overs per team.

The matches played at daytime by wearing cricket white and red cricket balls. In the first tournament, 8 teams participated which includes Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, West Indies, Sri Lanka, and East Africa. The match was played at Lord’s Cricket Ground and West Indies defeated Australia by 17 runs and won the match. During the World Cup Finale of 1975, Roy Fredricks of West Indies was the first batsmen who got hit-wicket in ODI.

ICC Trophy Competition was introduced in the World Cup of 1979. The second Tournament was also won by West Indies. England faces defeat by 92 runs in the final. The International Cricket Conference decided to organize the event of the World Cup every four years.

Thus the third World Cup was held in 1983 by England. The non-test playing teams like Canada and Sri Lanka were allowed to take part in World Cup and therefore, in third consecutive World Cup, Sri Lanka was Test-playing nation. The idea of fielding circle was suggested. It was 30 yards (27 m) far away from the stumps. It was necessary for four fieldsmen to be inside the circle all the time. The teams also played match twice. India defeated West Indies by 43 runs in the final of World Cup and India was crowned as champions.

Champions of World Cup (1987 – 1996)

The 1987 Tournament was hosted by India and Pakistan mutually. That was the first time when the match was organized outside England. Some changes made in the matches like 60 overs reduced into 50 overs per innings, match timing. Timing of the match was changed because of shorter daylight hours in the Indian subcontinent. Australia won the tournament from England and set the closest margin in the history of 7 runs.

After 4 years, World Cup 1992 was held in Australia and New Zealand. Different changes were introduced in this tournament like-colored clothing, white balls, day/night matches, and a change to the fielding restriction rules. For the first time, the South African cricket team take part in the tournament. Pakistan won the final and defeat England by 22 runs.

For the second time, the 1996 World Cup event was organized in India. Sri Lanka was presented as host. Sri Lanka defeated Australia by 7 wickets and won the championship.

Winner of World Cup (1999 – 2015)  

The 7th World Cup Championship held in 1999 and it was hosted by England. Twelve teams took part in the competition. Australia won the competition in the final and defeated Pakistan.

The 2003 World Cup was organized by South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. In this tournament, more teams participate and the number of teams increased from 12 to 14. Australia again achieved the trophy by beating India. India scored 234 runs while Australia beat Indian cricket team by 359 runs.

In 2007, the 9th World Cup Tournament was organized by West Indies and 16 teams participate in it. Sri Lanka was defeated by Australia and in this way, Australia won three consecutive matches.

In 2011, India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh together hosted Cricket World Cup. In this tournament, the number of participants reduced to 14. On 19 March 2011, Pakistan defeated Australia. The second World Cup was achieved by India in Mumbai and Sri Lanka had to face defeat by 6 wickets in the final. India became the first country who won the match on home soil.

The 2k15 Cricket World Cup was hosted by Australia and New Zealand. Australia won the championship for the fifth time by defeating New Zealand. In the semi-final, New Zealand won from South Africa but in the final, it was beaten by Australia.

Who Will Win ICC World Cup 2019

2019 Cricket World Cup is the 12th edition of Cricket World cup. 10 teams participated in the event. England, South Africa, India, and Australia are qualified to the semi-final while New Zealand, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, and West Indies are eliminated.

Review – ICC World Cup teams

According to the World Cup History, it seems that Australia will win the trophy of ICC World Cup 2019. From previous records, it can be seen that Australia has won five World Cups.

India and West Indies won twice the World cup while Pakistan and Sri Lanka each achieved only once. It is predicted also that Australia will get the reward in the ICC World cup ahead. You can watch Cricket World Cup 2019 Preview Matches at our site.

About Samee Khan

Samee Khan writes books, which, considering where you’re reading this, makes perfect sense. He’s best known for writing science fiction, including the New York Times bestseller Redshirts, which won the Hugo Award for Best Novel.

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